Although, as veterinary dentists, we prefer to save teeth using endodontic root canal therapy when possible, there are many indications for surgical extraction of dog and cat teeth. These include periodontal disease, chronic gingivitis/stomatitis, resporptive desease and severely fractured teeth.
Most tooth extractions require an incision of the gingiva and minimal removal of bone to ensure extraction of the entire tooth. Care should be taken especially when extracting mandibular canines and first molars, as improper technique can lead to jaw fractures.
Our surgical extraction sites are sutured closed to prevent complications during the healing process. The sutures dissolve and fall out over a period to 2-6 weeks. As a result, we rarely have to remove the sutures after the healing is complete.